Young woman working at home

A recent Wood Mackenzie study estimates that switching to 100% renewable energy by 2030 will cost U.S. consumers $4.5 trillion, assuming the engineering needed is even feasible. Proposed plans to reach the ambitious goal like renewable energy mandates could cost upwards of $35,000 per U.S. household to make the transition, a hefty price that not everyone can afford, especially those living paycheck to paycheck or below the poverty line.